Not unless you can prove that the vehicle and its driver were at fault. The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) allows you to sue the government for injury incidents, but only if you can prove that the driver, not you, caused the incident.
If you can prove that, you can seek any damages you can prove. If the accident happens in Michigan, and you have auto insurance coverage (even if you were a pedestrian), your Michigan no-fault benefits will pay your wage loss and medical expenses in the usual fashion. You would still sue for pain and suffering under the FTCA, although Michigan law would still apply in your federal suit to the extent that you would have to prove that you have a “threshold” injury such as serious impairment or disfiguring scarring.
If you were so unfortunate as to have been 1) hit by a mail truck 2) in Michigan, it was 3) your fault and 4) you aren’t covered by any no-fault policy of your own or a resident relative, you would have to apply to the Michigan Assigned Claims Plan for you no-fault coverage.
A final word: Don’t try to handle this type of claim yourself. There are strict time limits and procedural requirements under the FTCA that you must follow, or your case will be dismissed. Look for a lawyer who not only handles auto cases, but who knows the FTCA specifications as well.
Source: 599 F3d 540